What are Pips? Definition & Meaning | Best Trading Guide

What are Pips

What are Pips? Definition & Meaning | Best Trading Guide

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Pips play an important part when trading in Foreign Exchange markets. Traders commonly use them to refer to wins or losses.

The last decimal point is used to compute a pip, which represents the amount of change in the exchange rate for a currency pair.

The smallest change is the final decimal point, comparable to 1/100 of a percent, or one basis point because most major currency pairs are priced at four decimal points.

For instance, if a trader made 40 pips on the trade, it indicates the trader earned a profit of 40 pips. The pip value determines the actual amount represented by this.

Continue reading this article to understand the pip meaning and how it works?

Importance of Pip in Forex Trading:

Pip stands for “Percentage in point” or “price interest point.” In the Forex market, a pip is the smallest price movement in the exchange rate of a currency pair.

The most frequently traded currencies in the Forex market include the American Dollar (USD), Euro (EUR), Japanese Yen (JPY), and the British Pound (GBP).

The lowest unit of change in most of these currency pairs is the fourth number after the decimal point.

Only the Japanese Yen is exempt from this rule, as the pip of all Yen-denominated currency pairs is the second decimal point after the zero.

Forex traders need to understand that gains and losses in trading are measured in pips.

Although your broker will compute the pip value for you, it is critical to understand how pips work?

Importance of Pip in Forex Trading

They should also watch out for pip movements on a currency chart, as this can have an impact on your overall performance.

At the end of the day, the movement of a currency pair decides whether a trader made a profit or loss.

If the pound rises in value against the US dollar, a trader who buys the GBP/USD will profit if the trader bought the GBP for 1.3145 and sold it for 1.3211. The trader would profit 1.1901 – 1.1835 = 66 pips on the trade.

Suppose a trader sells USD/JPY at 115.06 and buys the Yen. If the transaction is finished at 115.09, the trader loses 3 pips but gains 5 pips if the position is closed at 115.01.

Understanding the Basics: Pips, Pipettes, Fractional Pips, and Spreads


The value of a pip for your trade might change based on your lot size in currency trading. (A regular lot is 100,000 units, a mini lot is 10,000 units, and a micro lot is 1,000 units of currency).


The spread is the difference in pips between the bid and asks prices. As most Forex brokers offer commission-free trading, the spread is their way of earning money.

When you purchase at the asking price and sell at the bid price, the broker keeps the spread.

Pipettes or Fractional Pips: :

After a pip, several Forex brokers quote currency prices to one decimal point. Pipettes are pips divisions that provide for greater flexibility in pricing and spread.

Most Forex brokers provide ‘fractional pip pricing’ in addition to the normal pip. A fractional pip is one-tenth of a pip after adding a fifth decimal place.

Tighter spreads and a better knowledge of currency market fluctuations are all possible with fractional pips.

How to Calculate Pips?

To calculate the value of a pip without using a pip value calculator, take a look at the step-by-step calculation with an example.

  • To start, first, decide on the pip size. It is 0.0001 for all currency pairs except for a few, including the Japanese yen, which has a value of 0.01 due to the Yen’s low value.
  • Calculate the current exchange rate.
  • To calculate the pip value for a specific position size, use the following general formula:
  • (pip size / exchange rate) x position size = pip value
  • Using the current exchange rate, convert the pip value to your base currency.

Here’s an example to make you understand better:

Suppose a Forex trader has opened a one-lot position on the GBP/USD at 1.3589, which implies you’d have to spend 1,35,891 pounds in exchange for 100,000 USD to purchase a lot on the GBP/USD at 1.3589.

Suppose the pair’s value increases by 2 pips. Let’s convert it into money.

Let’s divide one pip in decimal form (here 0.0001) by the current exchange rate — the closing rate after the 2-pip rise – to get the value of one pip.

The result must then be multiplied by the trade’s notional value. One pip is worth (0.0001/1.3589) x 100,000 = 7.35 pounds. As a result, you will make a profit of 14.70 pounds (7.35 x 2).

Now, convert the profit back into USD, based on our current new exchange rate (14.70 x 1.3589) – $19.97 is the trader’s profit.

Which is the Best Pip Trading Strategy?

After understanding – What are pips and how does it work, you can now figure out a few trading strategies for maximizing profit chances.

As there’s no set amount of using pips per day, this strategy is said to supply daily traders with sure profit outcomes.

To test new strategies before utilizing them in day-to-day trading, use a demo account to trade.

On the other hand, a Forex trading strategy of 5 pips per day is based on trading in a short period of time.

Of course, just making a targeted amount of pips every day is an impractical goal because there are so many variables to consider.

Instead of focusing on the number of pips, traders should focus on accomplishing plans that have been created.

Trading with lower leverages is also more likely to yield excellent results. Forex trading with 5 pips per day is not recommended for currency pairings with wide spreads as traders will be struck by losses more quickly.

Because this is a trend-following strategy, it is not ideal for flat or range markets because traders will frequently receive false trend signals.

The benefit of this 5 pips a day strategy is that it is straightforward to implement, especially for inexperienced traders.

Effects of Leverage on Pip Value:

In Forex trading, a trader buys currencies by using leverage offered by their broker, which allows you to trade a larger amount than you have in your account.

As a result, even the smallest movement in pips can result in massive gains or losses. When the markets are going against you, leverage may increase your earnings, but it can also magnify your losses. As a result, it should be used carefully.

In any trading, leverage is the best tool for taking advantage of larger market exposure at a cheap cost owing to margin trading.

The regulations determine your broker’s leverage impact. This will influence the margin requirements you’ll need to open and maintain your trades.

For instance, leverage of 200:1 implies a minimum margin need of 0.5 percent (1/200), but leverage of 50:1 implies a margin requirement of 2 percent (1/50).

Simply said, it’s the amount of money needed in your trading account as a proportion of the overall value of your position.

What changes the pip value?

Most currency pairings have their pip value determined by the base value of a trader’s account. For example, suppose the currency pair has USD as the second (quote) currency.

In that case, the pip value is always $10 on a normal lot, $1 on a mini lot, and $0.10 on a micro lot for a USD-denominated account, which is usual for the most traded currency pairings.

Pip values would only change if USD was the initial (base) currency in the currency pairing or if the pair were not involved at all, and if USD’s value moved considerably in either way by more than 10%.

Which is the Best Forex Broker?

Looking for the best broker for Forex trading, your search will end at ABInvesting. The strong market presence of this broker is what makes it different from others.


The broker offers an online trading path to enter the financial markets. Major markets available for trade on ABInvesting include:

  • Forex
  • Cryptocurrency
  • Stocks
  • Commodities
  • Precious Metals
  • Indices

The key features of using ABInvesting’s trading platform are:

Commission-free Trading:

There are no trading commissions or account maintenance fees when you buy and sell any currency pair.

24/7 Professional Customer Support:

The broker offers 24/7 customer support to its clients, which is another plus point.

Low Minimum Deposit:

With a low minimum deposit of just $250, you can start trading with major, minor and exotic currency pairs.

Hassle-free Account Opening Process:

The account opening process on ABInvesting is quite hassle-free and fully digital. In addition, the process won’t take long.


Pips are used by Forex traders to track price changes in order to track profit and loss. Pips play a significant part in risk management, as well.

For example, a trader can set a pips-based stop-loss for a trade, limiting the possible losses on a lost trade.

Pips can assist traders in determining the most appropriate position size, ensuring that they are not taking unnecessary risks by initiating positions that are too large and risky.

Learn more about different Forex strategies, including swing trading, day trading, and scalping, in our other articles.


What is the value of 100 pips in US dollars?

When it comes to pip value for the US dollar, 100 pips equals 1 cent, and 10,000 pips = $1. On the other hand, the Yen is an exception to this rule.

Because the Yen’s value is so low, each pip is worth one percent of a yen rather than a thousandth of a unit.

How much does the trader make with each pip?

Each pip will be worth $10 for a regular lot, and the profit and loss will be in US dollars. The P&L will often be denominated in the quotation currency, so you’ll need to convert it to USD for margin calculations if it isn’t in USD.

How to Calculate Pips in Foreign Exchange?

First, divide one pip (typically 0.0001) by the current market value of the currency pairing to get the pip value. Then multiply that number by your lot size or the number of basic units you’re exchanging.

How many points is a pip?

The term “pip” stands for “percentage in point.” Based on market tradition, a pip is the smallest price movement that an exchange rate can make.

Most currency pairings are priced to four decimal points, with the fourth decimal place representing the smallest change. A pip is the same as one basis point or 1/100 percent.

What is the best lot size for a beginner?

A micro lot is one thousand units of a base currency equal to one percent of a regular lot (100 000 x 0.01).

As a result, you will trade one micro lot when you open a trade with a 0.01 lot. Micro lots are the smallest tradable lot and are an excellent place to start for novice traders.

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